What is Origami?
Origami is the Japanese word for paper folding. ORI means to fold and KAMI means paper. Together, they form the word, “origami.” It is an art form that has been handed down from parent to child through many generations. Origami involves the creation of paper forms usually entirely by folding. Animals, birds, fish, geometric shapes, puppets, toys and masks are among the models that even very young children can learn to make in just one sitting.
Most people in Japan can produce simple origami as the craft is taught in kindergartens across the country. Many young children become skilled at origami and can produce incredibly small, detailed or original designs.
The art of origami is based on a simple set of folds and operations with names such as rotating, putting points together, opening, pulling, crimping, reverse folding and repeating. This simple language can be used to document complex designs.
Perhaps the most culturally significant origami is the crane, a lucky symbol that’s used to celebrate happy events such as weddings. The Japanese traditionally believe that cranes are powerful creatures that live for 1000 years. It is said that anyone who can string together 1000 origami cranes within one year will be granted a wish.
The art of making paper from pulp originated in China in the year 102A.D. Paper then became more available to the masses. The secret of making paper was kept in China for several hundred years and finally made its way through Korea and into Japan. A Buddhist monk is said to have carried this secret. Several hundred years later, it first emerged in the Edo-era when paper became cheap and ubiquitous in Japan, where it coincided with the development of religion and soon became part of the lives of its people.
The first origami had ceremonial purposes and were used in wedding rituals and attached to gifts much like a greeting card, due to the high price of paper. Colors and silk threads were added and origami was held in high esteem. Gifts were decorated with “noshi.” Noshi had particular fold patterns depending on the gift.
In Japan, the earliest unambiguous reference to a paper model is in a short poem by Ihara Saikaku in 1680 which mentions a traditional butterfly design used during Shinto weddings to represent the bride and groom, indicating that origami had become a significant aspect of Japanese ceremony by the Heian period (794 – 1185).
Samurai warriors are known to have exchanged gifts adorned with noshi, a sort of good luck token made of folded strips of paper.
In Japan, at one time origami was taught in schools but today, children are generally taught origami at home. Holidays are celebrated with colorful origami decorations made by the family. On children’s day (formerly boy’s day), children make colorful carp: a fish that swims upstream, against the current. This symbolizes strength. During the summer, Tanabata, The Star Festival is celebrated. Live bamboo branches are decorated with origami stars and other paper decorations in a manner which brings to mind a decorated Christmas tree.
Perhaps the most well known origami model is the crane. It has become the international symbol of peace. In Japan every child eventually learns to make the crane.
Eleanor Coerr is credited with popularizing the crane with her book, “Sadako and 1,000 Paper Cranes”. This book, which is widely available, tells the story of a young girl who was exposed to the radiation from the atomic bomb that the U.S., dropped which helped to end World War Two. Several years later she develops leukemia. Her friend visits her in the hospital with an origami crane. She tells Sadako that the crane is a symbol of health and that if Sadako can make 1,000 cranes she will be well. Her friend proceeds to teach her to make the crane: it isn’t easy but when Sadako masters it, she begins her quest to make 999 more. She is resolved to be brave and making the cranes takes her mind off her illness. As she attracts the attention of the hospital staff and other visitors, they provide her with x-ray foil wrappers, magazines and other papers for her project. As other patients show interest, she stops folding and teaches them to make the cranes too.
Learning that her illness came as a result of war, Sadako spreads her message of peace as she folds her cranes. Soon she has folded hundreds of cranes. Her health improves and she is allowed to come home. But, when her illness returns and her strength weakens, sadly, she isn’t able to complete her project. With less than 700 cranes completed, Sadako lapses into a coma and dies. When her classmates realize that she had not been able to complete her dream they all decide to learn how to fold the crane. Soon the 1,000 cranes are complete.
The children decide to write to other children all over Japan to tell them of the story of Sadako and ask them to contribute money for a monument in her name to spread her message of peace.
When the Japanese government learns of this plan they decide to rename a park in Hiroshima “Peace Park.” There they erect a huge statue with a replica of Sadako holding up a giant crane. Her classmates were given the honor of deciding what to write on the base of the statue. This is what they chose:
This is our cry
This is our prayer
Peace in the world
So you see, the work of just one child has made people all over the world aware of the need for a peace. When you have completed some “First Steps” in origami, you can try your hand at the crane.
The Japanese club Ahmedabad runs workshops, demonstrations and other activities for organised groups, clubs and schools trying to include as many sessions as possible free to the public. While the workshops are always free for the club members, non-club members may be charged an entrance fee.
Date: June 11, 2017 Time: 10 AM Venue: Club Activity Centre
More 2017 events will appear here as they are confirmed.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Origami | http://www.japan-talk.com/jt/new/origami | http://www.japan-talk.com/jt/new/origami | http://www.south-ribble.org/origami/pages/about/about.htm